1.1 Research by ICAO and others has determined that runway incursions have been a significant factor in a number of accidents. The worst aviation accident ever occurred as a result of an incursion, and involved 2 Boeing 747 aircraft at Tenerife Los Rodeos aerodrome in fog. Accidents with fatal consequences have also occurred at numerous other airports, including Milan Linate.
1.2 Prevention of runway incursion events has been accorded a high priority by ICAO as a means of enhancing flight safety and preventing accidents. Runway incursion prevention will involve many agencies – aerodrome operators, aircraft operators and air traffic service providers amongst others. Prevention programmes will require co-ordinated action between the various agencies involved.
1.3 For aerodromes, a runway incursion prevention programme will form one part of a comprehensive runway safety programme.
1.4 This Circular provides some guidance on runway incursion prevention to agencies in the Territories.