Recommendations for each organisation
7.1 Aerodrome operators
7.1.1 Ensure that all markings, signs and lights are compliant with standards, serviceable, and effective in all conditions. Ensure that the airport maintenance programme is effective in maintaining serviceability.
7.1.2 Ensure that all airport users are trained in airside movement and are familiar with airside procedures, and that personnel driving vehicles airside are licensed and competent to do so, including in the use of radios. Ensure that the Aerodrome Manual, local regulations and procedures, training and guidance materials are kept up to date and are promulgated properly.
7.1.3 During work in progress or other temporary changes, ensure that all aerodrome users are familiar with the changes and their effect on airside operations. Ensure any changes to airside procedures are properly notified and promulgated.
7.1.4 Undertake the necessary risk analyses for changes to airside aerodrome infrastructure or procedures. Ensure that perimeter fencing is adequate and frequently inspected to prevent incursion by wildlife or persons.
7.2 Air Traffic Service providers
7.2.1 Ensure proper use of correct radio telephony procedures. Ensure correct language and phraseology is used. Do not tolerate non-standard radio telephony usage by aerodrome users. In particular, use full callsigns to avoid confusion.
7.2.2 Ensure that clearances issued to aircraft and vehicles are unambiguous and read back correctly, particularly when giving clearance to enter the runway. Where there is any suspicion of miscomprehension, repeat the clearance.
7.2.3 Ensure clearances are passed to pilots at periods of low workload, preferably whilst aircraft is stationary, and not prior to runway crossing. Avoid the use of conditional clearances (eg “after the landing nnnn line up runway 26, callsign”)..
7.3 Aircraft Operators
7.3.1 Ensure pilots are knowledgeable about aerodrome markings, signs and lights, particularly if the aerodrome is large, complex, busy or subject to temporary work.
7.3.2 Ensure pilots adhere strictly to correct radio telephony procedures, in particular the use of full callsigns to avoid confusion in busy radio environments.
7.3.3 Promote effective sterile flight deck procedures whilst the aircraft is in motion, to ensure minimal distraction of pilots.
7.3.4 Ensure proper use of cockpit resource management during ground movement to ensure that at least one pilot is dedicated to ground manoeuvring.
7.3.5 Ensure that pilots understand clearances and read them back explicitly.
7.3.6 Ensure pilots receive timely information on changes to aerodrome facilities, if necessary by ATIS or ATC broadcast.