5.1 The first issue is identification. The aerodrome needs to know the species on and around the aerodrome, and understand the risk those species may pose. This will enable the aerodrome to evaluate and manage wildlife attractants specific to a species (e.g. habitat, food sources). Active Wildlife control should then be conducted to reduce, remove or manage any remaining risk. Accurate identification is key to all aspects of wildlife control.
5.2 Additionally, information on the attractants at an airfield and what measures are currently in place to reduce any risk should be included in a Wildlife Hazard Management Plan. To understand risk, it is necessary to have first identified the species that may be attracted, understand the risk they may pose, then manage or remove the habitat to reduce the risk. Regular monitoring of habitat(s), and risk reduction, should be carried out. This may be an on-going process.
5.3 It should be a proactive process. Do not wait for the first birdstrike or collision with an animal. Record and use observations of wildlife and try to identify types, habits and attractants. Make use of local resources such as zoos and bird sanctuaries, whose staff may have extensive local knowledge.
5.4 Both ATS and aerodrome staff should participate in this process. The ATS tower is a good observation post, but aerodrome staff performing movement area inspections or other duties around on the site can also see a lot. Other aerodrome users should be encouraged to report concentrations of activity or habitats that may encourage the presence of wildlife. The reports must go to one location, and analysis must be made.