Subpart A - Definitions

1.1 Purpose

(a) This Subpart specifies the definitions applicable to and within the OTARs and Overseas Territories Aviation Circulars (OTACs).

(b) Unless the context otherwise requires or the term is defined otherwise in relation to a particular Part of these OTARs the definitions in 1.3 are applicable.  In some cases the commonly-used abbreviation or acronym is also given after the term defined for ease of reference.

(c) Terms not in paragraph 1.3 and not defined in the applicable legislation shall have the same meanings as in the Annexes to the Chicago Convention.

1.3 Definitions

Acceptance checklist means a document used to assist in carrying out a check on the external appearance of packages of dangerous goods and their associated documents to determine that all appropriate requirements have been met.

Accountable manager means the manager within an approved organisation who has corporate authority for ensuring that the activities conducted under the approval are performed to the standard required.

Aerodrome operating staff means all persons, whether or not the aerodrome certificate holder and whether or not employed by the aerodrome certificate holder, whose duties are concerned either with ensuring that the aerodrome and airspace within which its visual traffic pattern is normally contained are safe for use by aircraft, or whose duties require them to have access to the aerodrome manoeuvring area or apron.

Aircraft equipment means articles, other than stores and spare parts of a removable nature, for use on board an aircraft during flight, including first aid and survival equipment.

Airworthiness directive means a mandatory airworthiness requirement that specifies modifications, inspections, conditions, or limitations to be applied to an aircraft or aeronautical product to ensure continued safe operating conditions.

Alteration means a change or modification to the type design.

Annex means Annex to the Convention on International Civil Aviation.

Appliance means any instrument, mechanism, equipment, part, apparatus, appurtenance or accessory, including communications equipment, that is used, or is intended to be used, in operating or controlling an aircraft in flight, or is installed in or attached to the aircraft, that is not part of the airframe, engine or propeller.

Baggage means personal property of passengers or crew carried on an aircraft by agreement with the operator.

Broadcast means a transmission intended to be received by all stations.

Category I operation means a precision instrument approach and landing using ILS, MLS, GLS (GNSS/GBAS) or PAR with a decision height not lower than 200 feet and with either a visibility not less than 800 m or a runway visual range not less than 550 m, unless accepted by the Governor; and:

Lower than Standard Category I operation means a Category I operation using Category I DH, with an RVR lower than would normally be associated with the applicable DH.

Category II operation means a precision instrument approach and landing using ILS or MLS with:

(a) a decision height below 200 feet, but not lower than 100 feet, and

(b) a runway visual range not less than 300 m; and:

Other than Standard Category II operation means a Category II operation to a runway where some or all of the elements of the ICAO Annex 14 precision approach Category II lighting system are not available.

Category III operation means one of the following precision instrument approaches and landings:

(a) Category IIIA operation: A precision instrument approach and landing using ILS or MLS with:

(1) a decision height lower than 100 feet; and

(2) a runway visual range not less than 200 m.

Note: The RVR minimum is that applicable to EU-OPS not ICAO.

(b) Category IIIB operation: A precision instrument approach and landing using ILS or MLS with:

(1)  a decision height lower than 100 feet or no decision height; and

(2) a runway visual range less than 200 m but not less than 75 m.

Note: The RVR minimum is that applicable to EU-OPS not ICAO.

Certifying staff means personnel responsible for the release of an aircraft or a component after maintenance.

Charterer means a person who is qualified and may be accepted by the Governor for the purpose of registration whilst not necessarily being the legal owner or having beneficial interest in the aircraft.

Coastal transit operations means the conduct of helicopter operations over water, beyond a point from which the helicopter can make an autorotative descent to land suitable for an emergency landing, in conditions where there is reasonable expectation that: the flight can be conducted safely in the conditions prevailing; and, following an engine failure, a safe forced landing and successful evacuation can be achieved; and survival of the crew and passengers can be assured until rescue is affected.

Contaminated runway means a runway of which more than 25% of the runway surface area within the required length and width being used is covered by the following:

(a) surface water more than 3 mm (0.125”) deep, or by slush, or loose snow, equivalent to more than 3 mm (0.125”) of water; or

(b) snow which has been compressed into a solid mass which resists further compression and will hold together or break with lumps if picked up (compacted snow); or

(c)  ice, including wet ice.

Control system means a system by which the flight path, attitude, or propulsive force of an aircraft is changed, including the flight, engine and propeller controls, the related system controls and the associated operating mechanisms.

Convicted of an offence means, in addition to its ordinary meaning, that the person in question:

(a) has been found guilty of the offence but discharged without a conviction being recorded; or

(b) has, with that person’s consent, had the offence taken into account in sentencing him or her for another offence.

Critical component means a part identified as critical by the design approval holder during the product certification process. Typically, such components include parts for which a replacement time, inspection interval, or related procedure is specified in the Airworthiness Limitations section or certification maintenance requirements of the manufacturer’s maintenance manual or Instructions for Continued Airworthiness.

Critical part means an aircraft part for which a replacement time, inspection interval, or related procedure is specified in the Airworthiness Limitations section of a manufacturer's Maintenance Manual, Flight Manual, Type Certificate Data Sheet or Instructions for Continued Airworthiness.

Critical task means those tasks that involve the assembly or any disturbance of a system or any part on an aircraft that, if errors occurred, could directly endanger the flight safety.

Database Field Loadable Data (DFLD) means data that is field-loadable into target hardware databases.

Design change means any change to the Type Certification standard of an aircraft. Alternative terminologies in common use are ‘modification’ or ‘alteration’.

Designate(d) shall have the meaning attributed to it by Article 6 of the Order unless the context otherwise requires.

Exposition means a document which identifies key, accountable personnel; sets out the management structure and responsibilities within and the processes of an organisation to demonstrate how the organisation will achieve compliance with the terms of an approval.

Ferry flight means a non-revenue flight flown for positioning or other purpose (such as to enable the aircraft to undergo maintenance).

Field Loadable Software (FLS) means any software or data that can be loaded on the aircraft without removal of the target hardware from the aircraft.

Flight control system means a system which includes an automatic landing system and/or a hybrid landing system.

Flotation equipment means any device capable of supporting a person individually on water; and includes a lifejacket.

Freight Container means an article of transport equipment for radioactive materials, designed to facilitate the carriage of such materials, either packaged or unpackaged, by one or more modes of transport, but does not include a unit load device.

Governor’s review means a process conducted in accordance with Article 13 of the Order which provides that the person affected by a decision of any person designated by the Governor pursuant to Articles 3 and 6 of the Order may serve on the Governor a request that such decision be reviewed by the Governor in accordance with Article 13. The procedure for the determination of such a review is set out in a document which is available upon request from ASSI, any office of a Governor and on the ASSI website www.airsafety.aero.

Handling agent means an agent who performs on behalf of the operator some or all of the functions of the latter including receiving, loading, unloading, transferring or other processing of passengers or cargo.

Head-up display (HUD) means a display system which presents flight information into the pilot’s forward external field of view and which does not significantly restrict the external view; and:

Head-up guidance landing system (HUDLS) means the total airborne system which provides head-up guidance to the pilot during the approach and landing and/or go-around. It includes all sensors, computers, power supplies, indications and controls. A HUDLS is typically used for primary approach guidance to decision heights of 50 ft.

Hybrid head-up display landing system (hybrid HUDLS) means a system which consists of a primary fail-passive automatic landing system and a secondary independent HUD/HUDLS enabling the pilot to complete a landing manually after failure of the primary system.

Note: Typically, the secondary independent HUD/HUDLS provides guidance which normally takes the form of command information, but it may alternatively be situation (or deviation) information.

ID number means a dangerous goods identification number specified in the Technical Instructions for an item of dangerous goods which has not been assigned a UN number.

International flight means a flight which passes through the airspace over the territory of more than one State or Territory.

Load sheet means a document which allows the pilot in command to determine that the load and its distribution are such that the mass and balance limits of the aircraft are not exceeded.

Low visibility procedures (LVP) means procedures applied at an aerodrome for the purpose of ensuring safe operations during Lower than Standard Category I, Other than Standard Category II, Category II and III approaches and low visibility take-offs.

Maintenance data means any information necessary to ensure that the aircraft or aircraft component can be maintained in a condition such that airworthiness of the aircraft, or serviceability of operational and emergency equipment as appropriate, is assured.

Major design change means a design change to a product that is not defined as a Minor design change.

Medical deficiency means a specific inability to meet the medical standards associated with the licence or validation.

Medical practitioner means a person registered or licensed as a medical practitioner under a law of a Contracting State, or a law in force in a State or Territory, that provides for the registration or licensing of medical practitioners.

Medically significant condition includes:

(a) any of the following (no matter how minor):

(1) any illness or injury;

(2) any bodily infirmity, defect or incapacity;

(3) any mental infirmity, defect or incapacity;

(4) any sequela of an illness, injury, infirmity, defect or incapacity mentioned in paragraph (1), (2) or (3); and

(b) any abnormal psychological state; and

(c) drug addiction and drug dependence; and

(d) pregnancy; and

(e) the consequences of pregnancy, or of termination of pregnancy;

and includes, except in the case of (d) and (e), both such a condition that is congenital and one that is the result of injury or illness.

Meteorological Authority means the authority providing, or arranging for the provision of, meteorological service for international air navigation on behalf of a State or Territory.

Minor design change means a change that has no appreciable effect on the mass, balance, structural strength, reliability, operational characteristics, noise, fuel venting, exhaust emission, or other characteristics affecting the airworthiness of the product.

Mode S means a Secondary Surveillance Radar technique that permits selective interrogation of aircraft by means of a unique 24-bit aircraft address, thus avoiding the risk of confusion or mis-identification due to overlapping signals.

Order means the Air Navigation (Overseas Territories) Order, as amended.

Performance Class A operations means commercial air transport flights operated in accordance with the Performance Class A requirements in OTAR Parts 121 or 135; i.e. using a multi-engine aeroplane powered by turbo-propeller engines with a maximum approved passenger seating configuration of more than 9 or a MTOM exceeding 5700kg, and all multi-engine turbojet powered aeroplane.

Performance Class B operations means commercial air transport flights operated in accordance with the Performance Class B requirements in OTAR Part 135; i.e. using a propeller driven aeroplane with a maximum approved passenger seating configuration of 9 seats or fewer, and a MTOM of 5,700 kg or less.

Performance Class C operations means commercial air transport flights operated in accordance with the Performance Class C requirements in OTAR Part 121; i.e. using an aeroplane powered by reciprocating engines with a maximum approved passenger seating configuration of more than 9 or a MTOM exceeding 5,700 kg.

Permanent Permit to Fly means a certificate issued to an aircraft that does not qualify for the issue of a Certificate of Airworthiness.

Permit flight release authorisation means an authorisation issued to a person authorised by the Governor or authorised in a manner approved by the Governor to issue Permit flight Release Certificates.

Permit flight release certificate means a certificate issued by an authorised person, having been satisfied that the aircraft has been configured and maintained in compliance with approved data as required by the Permit to Fly Certificate.

Principal contract means a contract established to discharge all functional responsibilities of continued airworthiness management to an appropriately approved organisation.

Principal place of business means, for the purpose of air operator certification, the primary location from which flight operations and maintenance management and control are exercised; where the majority of the operational and safety-related records are kept and at which the accountable managers are based.

Proper shipping name means the name to be used to describe a particular article or substance in all shipping documents and notifications and, where appropriate, on packagings.

Quality means the totality of characteristics of an entity that bear on its ability to satisfy stated and implied needs.

Quality assurance means all those planned and systematic actions necessary to provide adequate confidence that a system, component, or facility will perform satisfactorily in service.

Quality control means the operational techniques and activities that are used to fulfil requirements for quality.

Quality management means all activities of the overall management function that determine the quality policy, objectives and responsibilities, and their implementation by means such as quality planning, quality control, quality assurance and quality improvement within the quality system.

Runway means an area, whether or not paved, which is provided for the take-off or landing of aircraft.

Safety oversight means a function by means of which States ensure effective implementation of the safety-related Standards and Recommended Practices and associated procedures contained in the ICAO Annexes to the Convention on International Civil Aviation and related ICAO documents.

Simulated instrument flight conditions means a flight during which mechanical or optical devices are used in order to reduce the field of vision or the range of visibility from the cockpit of the aircraft.

State of type certification means a State which has issued a type certificate for a particular aircraft in respect of which that type certificate remains valid.

Supplemental type certificate (STC) means a document issued by the State of type certification for a product issued with a Type Certificate, approving a major design change.

Target hardware means hardware such as Line Replaceable Units and modules that are intended to be loaded with Field Loadable Software or Database Field Loadable Data.

Temporary permit to fly means a certificate issued by the Governor to an aircraft where the Certificate of Airworthiness is temporarily not 'in force';.

Validation means:

(a) confirmation, through the provision of objective evidence, that the requirements for a specific intended use or application have been fulfilled; or

(b) in relation to Part 61 Pilot Licences & Ratings, Part 63 Flight Engineer Licences and Ratings, Part 66 Aircraft Maintenance Personnel Licensing and Part 67 Medical Standards and Recognition of Medical Examiners, the rendering of a licence or certificate issued by or under the requirements of an ICAO contracting State valid within the jurisdiction of the Governor; or

(c) in relation to Part 65 Air Traffic Service Personnel and Ratings, authorisation to provide a particular air traffic control service at an aerodrome.

Visual approach means an approach when either part or all of an instrument approach procedure is not completed and the approach is executed with visual reference to the terrain.


Change Information

  1. First Issue - published for information June 2004
  2. Second Issue - published for information April 2005
  3. Third Issue - released for gazetting July 2005
  4. Fourth Issue June 2006
  5. Fifth Issue August 2006
  6. Sixth Issue January 2008
  7. Seventh Issue November 2009
  8. Eighth Issue July 2010
  9. Ninth Issue January 2011
  10. Tenth Issue January 2012
  11. Eleventh Issue May 2016
  12. Twelfth Issue August 2017

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