Subpart H - Water aerodrome emergency equipment and rescue & fire fighting
139.175 Water aerodrome Rescue and Fire Fighting Services - General
(a) Procedures for the enhancement of passenger and crew post-accident survival shall be developed and resources in terms of staff and equipment, appropriate to the type of seaplane operations anticipated at the water aerodrome shall be provided. Within the provision of these procedures and resources, account shall be taken of the effect that various environmental conditions could have on the ability of the RFFS to respond rapidly to accidents and incidents.
(b) A rescue vessel shall be provided and be of a design and size that would allow survivors to be brought aboard, or it shall be equipped with an adequate number of floatation devices of a design that would enable survivors to remove themselves from the water.
139.177 Water aerodrome response times and availability
(a) The RFFS shall achieve a response time not exceeding 5 minutes to any point of the movement area in good visibility and water surface conditions.
(b) For the published hours of the water aerodrome, the RFFS shall be available:
(1) 15 minutes prior to the published hours of the water aerodrome; until
(2) 15 minutes after take-off of the last departing aircraft.
(c) Where the hours of operation are not notified, the RFFS shall be available prior to the engine start of the first departing seaplane, or to the first arriving seaplane commencing its final approach; and until the last arrival is moored, or 15 minutes after take-off of the final seaplane.
139.179 Water aerodrome RFFS training
The aerodrome operator shall ensure that RFFS personnel:
(a) receive initial and recurrent competence-based training relevant to their role and task, and shall at all times be medically and physically capable of performing the tasks expected of them; and
(b) be provided with appropriate personal protective equipment for fire fighting and seaborne functions.
139.181 Water aerodrome emergency planning
(a) The objectives of Subpart E Aerodrome Emergency Planning apply to a water aerodrome.
(b) The emergency plan shall consider the particular hazards associated with seaplane operations, including:
(1) passenger evacuation into a further life-threatening environment, e.g. deep water; and
(2) the onset of hypothermia, and its associated effects, during and following prolonged immersion in cold water; and
(3) the immediate toxicity and respiratory effects on survivors in the water following the ingestion of floating fuel and oils and their associated vapours, and fire suppressant foams, powders and gases.
Additional guidance on seaplane accidents in the water is given in Appendix 6 to the ICAO Airport Services Manual (Doc 9137) Part 7.